Chair and Department of  Medical Biophysics

Medical University of Silesia Katowice

 
 

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GENERAL PHYSICS

(6-YEAR PROGRAM, FIRST SEMESTER)

30 HOURS (LECTURES)

 

 

1. HISTORY AND BASIC CONCEPTS IN MECHANICS – 2 HOURS

short history of mechanics; basic definitions (speed and velocity, acceleration, force, pressure, mass, weight, linear momentum, Newton’s laws of motion, radian, angular velocity, angular acceleration, relations between angular and linear motion, moment of inertia, torque, Newton’s laws of angular motion, angular momentum, work, energy, heat, power); units and conversions

 

2. DESCRIPTION AND CAUSES OF MOTION – 2 HOURS

velocity and acceleration; acceleration of gravity; motion units; constant acceleration; graphical description of motion; Newton’s laws; forces as vectors; force of gravity; mass; weight; density; phenomenon of weightless, equilibrium and torques, circular motion

 

3. WORK AND ENERGY – 2 HOURS

work; energy; conservation of energy; power; principles of machines

 

4. BIOMECHANICS (PART I): STATIC FORCES, FRICTION, TRANSLATIONAL  MOTION – 2 HOURS

equilibrium and stability; equilibrium considerations for human body; stability of human body under action of an external force; skeletal muscles; levers; elbow and hip joint; spine; standing tip-toe on one foot; dynamic; aspects of posture; friction at hip joint, vertical jump; effect of gravity on vertical jump; running high jump; motion through air; energy consumed in physical activity

 

5. BIOMECHANICS (PART II): ANGULAR MOTION, ELASTICITY AND STRENGHT OF MATERIALS, INSECT FLIGHT – 2 HOURS

forces on curved path; pendulum; walking; physical pendulum; speed and energy of walking; longitudinal stretch and compression; bone fracture (energy considerations); impulsive forces; fracture due to a fall (impulsive force considerations); whiplash injury; hovering flight; wing muscles; power required for hovering; kinetic energy of wing; elasticity of wings

 

6. PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDS AND GASES – 2 HOURS

liquid state; pressure in liquids, Pascal’s principle; Buoyant force and Archimedes principle; nature and laws of ideal gas; Boyle’s law; Charles law; constant volume processes

 

7. THE MOTION OF FLUIDS IN BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE: PRESSURE AND CIRCULATORY SYSTEM – 2 HOURS

Bernoulii’s equation; viscosity and Poiseulle’s law; turbulent flow; circulation of blood; blood pressure; control of blood flow; energetics of blood flow; types of pumps; heart as force pump; power produced by heart; blood pressure measurement techniques

 

8. KINETIC THEORY AND MOLECULAR PHENOMENA RELATED TO BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES – 2 HOURS

kinetic theory of matter; molecules; diffusion; osmosis; dialysis; transport across living membranes; laws of gas transport; cohesion and adhesion; surface tension; capillary action; viscosity; adsorption and absorption; respiratory system

 

9. HEAT – 2 HOURS

heat and laws of thermodynamics; methods for temperature measurement; internal energy; effects of heat; energy requirement of people; thermoregulation; heat transfer; convection; radiation; evaporation; heat application in medicine

 

10. THERMODYNAMICS – 2 HOURS

first law of thermodynamics, second law of thermodynamics, thermal engines

 

11. HISTORY AND BASIC CONCEPTS IN ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETICS – 2 HOURS

short history of electricity and magnetism; basic definitions (electric charge, electric field, voltage, electric current, resistor, capacitor, inductor) 

 

12. ELECTRICITY – 2 HOURS

electrical nature of matter; behavior of electric charges; flow of electric charge; electric fields and voltages; magnets and magnetic fields; electromagnets; interaction between electricity and magnetism

 

13. BASICS OF MAGNETISM – 2 HOURS

magnetic field strength, magnetic induction, hysteresis

 

14. BIOPHYSICAL PRINCIPLES OF ELECTROTHERAPY – 2 HOURS

definitions of electric current, voltage, intensity, density, resistance (tissue impedance); impact of the electric current on human body (electrochemical effects, cathodal and anodal   events, electrophoresis, electroosmosis, electrothermal effects); direct current; alternating current; pulsed current; basic terms (waveform and time - depend parameters, frequency, current modulations); electrodes (types, size and placing); selection of various electric currents and physical quantities; calculating a frequency for different period time

 

15. USEFULNESS OF ELECTRODIAGNOSTICS IN MEDICINE – 2 HOURS

history of electodiagnostics, motor point of muscle and nerve, electrodiagnostics (degeneration test, strength - duration test, chronaxie and rheobase, nerve conducting tests: motor nerve conduction, f - wave nerve conduction, sensory nerve conduction, h - reflex response, electromyography)

  

 

35 HOURS (SEMINARS) - SOLVING PROBLEMS AND EXAMPLED EXERCISES

 

 

1. MECHANICS – 2 HOURS

2. BIOMECHANICS – 2 HOURS

3. PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDS AND GASES – 2 HOURS

4. PRESSURE AND CIRCULATORY SYSTEM – 2 HOURS

5. TEST – 2 HOURS

6. HEAT – 3 HOURS

7. THERMODYNAMICS – 2 HOURS

8. STATIC ELECTRICITY – 3 HOURS

9. ELECTRICITY I – 2 HOURS

10. ELECTRICITY II – 2 HOURS

11. TEST – 2 HOURS

12. ELASTICITY OF BODIES: VIBRATIONS AND WAVES – 3 HOURS

13. ACOUSTICS – 2 HOURS

14. OPTICS – 3 HOURS

15. TEST – 3 HOURS